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Ayurveda, the science of life uniquely deals with the proper maintenance of health along with the preventive and curative aspects of various diseases.

Ayurveda is based on the theory of tridosha and panchamahabhuta wherein a balance state of the three elements namely Vatha, Pitha and kapha is essential for normal body functions.

Skin is one of the most important organs of the body as it protects internal organs from environmental influences. Various symptoms are produced in the skin due to homeostatic imbalance and subsequent impaired functioning of internal organs. Health of the skin is also affected by factors like nutrition, hygiene, age, immunity, genetic factors and medications.

Causes of skin diseases

Normal colour, lustre and softness of skin are maintained by tridoshas and hence the vitiation of tridoshas directly affects the beauty and integrity of skin .

The poshaka dhatus (nourishing elements) of the body are Rasa and Rakta. Decreased nutrition affects these elements leading to poor nourishment of further dhatus and skin leading to diseases.

Virudha ahara (Incompatible diet) can play havoc with one’s digestive power causing aggravation and accumulation of vitiated doshas in the blood – a definite cause of skin disease.

Ayurvedic treatment techniques

Assessment of tridoshas from the clinical features, proper diagnosis and appropriate management with quality assured Ayurvedic medicines can cure skin diseases.

Padhya (modifications of diet and habits) is an essential factors in the treatment of skin diseases as it will help the medicines act faster more effectively.

Psoriasis is a chronic non contagious disease characterised by inflamed lesions with silvery white scales of dead skin. It is considered as an auto immune disorder. Different types of psoriasis can be correlated with certain types of skin diseases described in ayurvedic classics whereby treatment also varies accordingly from patient to patient.

Vitiligo also known as switra or kilasa is an acquired disease having an auto immune etiology in which the melanocytes in localised areas of the body stop producing melanin .It is a non infectious non exudative skin affection. As this disease spreads fast and becomes incurable very quickly , Ayurveda insists on early management of this condition.

Ayurveda offers effective treatment for these conditions. These include sodhana and samana.

Sodhana therapy of panchakarma chikitsa has a key role in curing skin diseases as it purifies each and every tissues of the body.

On the other hand Samana treatment deals with internal medicines and some therapeutic procedures.

The recurrence and complications of these diseases are prevented by Rasayana treatment which is a specialised branch of Ayurveda which having proven its efficacy with the management of auto immune disorders is another widely used stream of ayurveda.


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